Alcohol rehab is a treatment program designed specifically for alcoholics. Alcohol rehab consists of supervised medical detox and withdrawal management, vitamin therapies, guided nutrition, exercise, individual and group counseling, 12-Step processes (if the alcohol rehab program is a 12-Step-based program), relapse prevention, education, and aftercare services.
At drug treatment centers, dedicated addiction professionals provide patients with customized care and guidance through the entire recovery process.
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Alcohol abuse is one of two alcohol abuse disorders (AUD) as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV. The definition of alcohol abuse is the continued use of alcohol and the experience of at least one of four abuse symptoms that lead to "clinically significant impairment or distress." The four symptoms of alcohol abuse described include:
Alcohol abuse causes damage within the brain, and in some vital organs, at this point. Signs noted in the four symptoms above are psychological, mental, physiological, and behavioral in nature. There may be signs, when inebriated, such as slurred speech, off-balanced stride, relaxed facial muscles, and fatigue.
As outlined by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, a person may drink too much if the following guidelines are exceeded:
Alcohol abuse easily transitions to addiction as individuals continue to abuse the substance on a consistent basis. This creates a level of tolerance which evolves into dependence.
Alcohol rehab treats the mind and body as a whole. Physical and psychological health, emotional stability, family interactions, and personality elements are all examined. Treatment is a transformation and the ultimate goal is abstinence and recovery.
Rehabilitation for the alcoholic starts with abstinence, medical detoxification, and withdrawal. Individual counseling and therapy sessions analyze personal issues that may impact addiction. Family relationships and social issues are explored. Group sessions are conducted.
The emotional support and "community" environment is invaluable. Facilities most often have 12-Step meetings that patients can attend. If the facility is structured as a 12-Step recovery program, the patient's 12-Step process is monitored in individual and group sessions.
Alcoholism goes untreated for many reasons. Drinking is legal, and most often socially acceptable. In many cultures alcohol is important to tradition and even religious rites. When drinking becomes a problem there is an initial denial. For an alcoholic to admit that there is a problem there often has to be an extreme consequence involved. The alcoholic must then want help.
The addict is often shamed, fearful, and dreads what they assume will be negative consequences to an admission. Employment is often a worry, as the addict often worries about losing their job and not being able to provide for their family.
There are other social, economic, family, and personal factors that cause a person to resist getting help. Very often an addict will resort to making excuses and blaming others. If attempts to get the addict to seek help are not successful, it may then be time for intervention.